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Lightweight concrete is made using lightweight aggregates of expanded shale clay and slag These are used to produce structural lightweight concrete with a freshly mixed unit weight of 90 to 120 pounds per cubic foot Normal weight concrete is typically 135 to 150 pounds per cubic foot Get price


CIP 16

CIP 16 - Flexural Strength Concrete WHAT is Flexural Strength? Flexural strength is one measure of the tensile strength of concrete It is a measure of an unreinforced con-crete beam or slab to resist failure in bending It is concrete flexural strengths up to 800 psi (5 5 MPa) forGet price


Compressive Strength of Concrete

May 18 2018Concrete being the major consumable material after water makes it quite inquisitive in its nature The strength of concrete is majorly derived from aggregates where-as cement and sand contribute binding and workability along with flowability to concrete This is an in-depth article on Compressive Strength of Concrete Get price


Limit on Strength of Normal Weight Concrete

an upper limit on the strength of nor-mal weight concrete Prior to delving into the main thrust of this discussion however it is necessary to define the meaning of high strength and high performance concrete High strength concrete (HSC) in the United States is generally considered to be concrete with a compressive strength of 6000 psi (41 Get price



incident compression wave exceeded the concrete tensile strength the specimen would rupture For the first set of 3 tests the dynamic tensile strength was somewhere between 2500 and 3210 psi (17 2 to 22 1 MPa) compared to a static tensile strength of 491 psi (3 4 MPa) obtained at a quasi-static strain rate of about 0 57x10-6 s-1 This Get price



Concrete Yield Strength fc' (psi) Modulus of Elasticity Ec (ksi) Modulus of Rupture fr (psi) Class C 4000 3645 480 Class A 3500 3410 450 Class B 3000 3155 415 Notes = 0 0005 after 1 year 3 Normal weight concrete density = 150 lb/ft3 for computing loads = 145 lb/ft3 for computing properties MATERIAL PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE Figure 62-1A Get price


Concrete breakout capacity of cast

age performance While the concrete tensile strength af-fects breakout capacity of the anchor compressive strength is most commonly measured and reported In the literature review the compressive strength is the variable most commonly used in predicting breakout strength and the concrete tensile strength is often not reported Get price


Specification for Concrete Strength Minimum 4000 psi

Specification for Concrete Strength Minimum 4000 psi – Maximum 5500 psi A contractor recently called the Hotline about a project specification on which he wanted to bid The specification required the concrete compressive strength at 28 days to be a minimum of 4000 psi and a maximum of 5500 psi based on the average strength of threeGet price


Experimental and Numerical Study on Tensile Strength of

To investigate the effects of strain rate on the tensile strength of concrete splitting tensile tests of plain concrete specimens were performed at strain rates between 10 −7 s −1 and 10 −4 s −1 on an MTS material test machine The primary objective of this study was to develop a method for estimating the tensile strength of concrete Get price



Jul 18 2014The strength of such concrete is however low But it is of no consequence as this concrete is not expected to bear any loads Because of the light weight this concrete is very suitable for earthquake proof structures Application of Lightweight Concrete Light weight concrete finds its use generally in situations like Decks of long span bridges Get price


How to buy quality concrete for your driveway

A pound per square inch (psi) is the unit of measurement used to describe the compressive strength of concrete The most desirable strength for driveways varies based on climatic conditions In broad terms the colder the climate the higher the desired psi Areas which experience large numbers of freeze and thaw cycles also require a higher psi Get price



Lightweight foamed concrete (LFC) application in building construction is rather limited due to its low strength and brittleness This study has been undertaken to investigate the effects of steel fibers lightweight foamed concrete at a relatively low volume fraction (0 2 % and 0 4 %) on the mechanical properties such as compressive strength flexural strength and splitting tensile strength Get price



CONCRETE PAVEMENT 360 1 Description minimum average flexural strength of 400 psi or a minimum average compressive strength of 2 600 psi in 24 hr unless other early strength and time requirements are shown on the plans or allowed deformed reinforcing steel with a coupling capable of developing a minimum tensile strength ofGet price


lightweight concrete

Nov 01 2012lightweight concrete 1 LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE 2 DEFINITION concrete which uses lightweight aggregates May consist of lightweight aggregates are used in ordinary concrete of coarse aggregate and sand clay foamed slag clinker crushed stone aggregates of Get price


Properties of concrete

compressive strength of concrete at 28 days (psi) This equation is completely empirical and is not based on theory Note that the value of E c found is in units of psi For normal weight concrete (defined as concrete with a w c of 150 lb/ft 3 and subtracting 5 lb/ft 3 for steel) E c is permitted to be taken as ′ Get price


Chapter 5 Code Commentary Approved

136 assumption that for equivalent compressive strength levels the tensile strength of lightweight 137 concrete is a fixed fraction of the tensile strength of normalweight concrete 5 3 The multipliers 138 used for λ are based on data from tests on concrete made with many types of structural 139 lightweight aggregate R8 6 1 140Get price


Concrete in Compression (ACI 318)

The ACI Code provides the accepted empirical expression for modulus of elasticity where E c = modulus of elasticity of concrete in compression (psi) w c = unit weight of concrete (lb/ft 3) f c ′ = compressive strength of concrete (psi) This expression is valid for concretes having w c between 90 and 160 lb/ft 3 For normal-weight concrete the unit weight w c will vary with the mix Get price


Concrete in Tension Tensile Strength of Concrete

The tensile stress at which splitting occurs is referred to as the splitting tensile strength f ct and may be calculated by the following expression derived from the theory of elasticity where f ct = splitting tensile strength of lightweight aggregate concrete (psi) P Get price


Direct Tensile Strength of Lightweight Concrete Using

It can provide lightweight concrete but with a lower strength compared tonormal concrete Accordingly an experimental study of 12 concrete specimens using wastepolypropylene coarse aggregates coated with sand was carried out Direct tensile tests were conductedto cylinder concrete specimens having diameter of 10 cm and depth of 20 cm respectively Get price


Understanding the Basics of Concrete Strength

Concrete is among the most commonly used construction supplies and concrete strength is the main criteria used to choose concrete for different construction requirements Concrete strength is indicated by its compressive strength The compressive strength is rated in the form of psi or pounds per square inchGet price


Attached are page(s) from the 2014 Hilti North American

High-strength bolts were used to force concrete failure modes When using steel bolts with a lower tensile strength steel failure must be considered 2 Minimum compressive strength of structural lightweight concrete is 3 000 psi 3 See figure 1 for typical details 4 Allowable loads calculated with a factor of safety of 4 Get price


Compression and Split Tensile Strength of Concrete

compression strength of concrete for CAS CNR CAR reduced by 1 09% 5 16% 8 56% respectively Graph 1 for comparative test result for compressive test days Vs strength (Mpa) B Split Tensile strength test` The split tensile strength at which failure occurs is the tensile strength of concrete In this Investigation the test isGet price



CONCRETE PAVEMENT 360 1 Description minimum average flexural strength of 400 psi or a minimum average compressive strength of 2 600 psi in 24 hr unless other early strength and time requirements are shown on the plans or allowed deformed reinforcing steel with a coupling capable of developing a minimum tensile strength ofGet price


Shear strength of stud connectors in lightweight and

not yield a satisfactory level of split tensile strength as proportioned and used ASTM C330 requires an average split tensile strength of 290 psi for structural lightweight concrete The C-concrete provided a strength of 244 psi Typical load-slip curves for a normal weight and a lightweight concrete specimen with two slabs are shown in Fig 2a Get price



Normal strength concrete is considered to have a compressive strength range from 3000 psi to 6000 psi (Discussion in this outline pertains to the behavior of normal strength concrete ) ACI Code suggests 33 1 5 ' Ewcc= fc for 90 wc 155 lb/ft3 where wc = the density of concrete For normal weight concrete 57000 ' Efcc= psiGet price


Direct Tension Test Method for Characterization of Tensile

o Ultra High Performance Concrete (UHPC) is an innovative cementitious composite that possesses a compressive strength greater than 22 000 psi (ACI committee 239) and flexural strengths greater than 1 500 psi at 28 days Performance strength durability ductility and toughness etc • Usually produced with cement fine quartz sand silica fume Get price


Relationship Between Critical Mechanical Properties and

RELATIONSIDP BETWEEN CRITICAL MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND AGE FOR STRUCTURAL LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE by Structural Lightweight Concrete Direct Tensile Stress-Strain Curves for Three Curing Conditions or indirect tensile strength of a given concrete mix design at only one age can determine with a relatively high degree of confidence the Get price



Existing uneven surfaces must be filled with an appropriate repair mortar The adhesive strength of the concrete must be verified after surface preparation by random pull-off testing (ASTM D 4541) at the discretion of the engineer Minimum tensile strength 200 psi (1 4 MPa) with concrete Get price


Characteristics of Lightweight Concrete Supplement

CHARACTERISTICS OF LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE SUPPLEMENT 1 Investigation of Aggregate Durability in Concrete R D Gaynor and distribution permeability longitudinal pulse velocity tensile strength chemical DTA and X-ray analysis microscopic examination and both con strengths between 3 000 and 6 000 psi A comparison of the Get price


CIP 36

lightweight concrete it typically takes a longer time than normalweight concrete to dry to levels that might be considered adequate for application of floor covering materials The splitting tensile strength of lightweight concrete is used in structural design criteria The design engineer may request the information for a particular source of Get price

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